The world’s first Chinese calendar introduced by Blancpain at the 2012 Basel Watch Fair was a surprise, expressing a pure Swiss watch manufacturer’s understanding of oriental cultural traditions and Swiss manufacturing. The loyal tribute to the origin of the table is the king of the topic of the year. As a leader in the traditional watchmaking industry, Blancpain launched the world’s first Chinese calendar at the Basel 2012 in Paris with four surprises, perfectly running the ancient Chinese calendar and calendar on the watch, expressing It is a Swiss watchmaker who pays high respect to the oriental cultural tradition and the origins of Swiss watchmaking, and is the king of the topic of the year.
At the moment when modern watch products are dedicated to the field of fine watchmaking, the Blancpain watchmaking workshop in Le Brassus has introduced the world’s first Chinese calendar to the world, highlighting its style as a leader in the traditional fine watchmaking industry. The biggest feature of this watch is that the traditional Chinese ‘yin and yang stems’ year and calendar are perfectly presented on the dial, and the Swiss watchmaking technology and Chinese traditional calendar have successfully realized the eastern and western culture on the 45 mm diameter dial. The collision conveyed the understanding and appreciation of Western timekeeping crafts to Chinese traditional culture. This is the first time that the Chinese Yin and Yang calendar has been functionalized in the field of timepieces, and it also reflects the commonalities between Blancpain and the Chinese civilization-the Chinese civilization is constantly updated and improved based on traditional wisdom, and the essence of Blancpain’s brand is exactly ‘traditional and traditional Innovation. ‘
The Chinese calendar is beyond the simple concept of using image totems or Chinese characters. The dial layout of the timepiece is exquisite, and the hour, minute and standard calendars are on the dial. It also integrates important timing elements in the traditional Chinese calendar, such as twelve hours (20 Four hours), the lunar calendar date, the lunar month (combined with the leap month display), the zodiac year, and even the five elements and ten days. In the process of research and development, the team of Blancpain watchmakers has overcome the problem of irregular Chinese calendar system, solved the display problem of the solar calendar and the Chinese lunar calendar, and integrated the moon phase profit and loss function closely related to the Chinese calendar, achieving extraordinary masterpieces.
How to present the complex and rich traditional Chinese calendar on the dial is the biggest technical challenge that the Blancpain watchmaker team faces in the research and development process. It not only faces the difference between the two timing methods, but also two timing cultures. The differences between Eastern and Western cultures behind it. The traditional solar calendar (Gregory calendar, which is now widely used as the standard Gregorian calendar) adopted by western countries, belongs to the flat calendar defined by the flat time period. The number of days is basically fixed and the rules are not set. It has no strong astronomical significance.
Unlike the standard calendar, which uses the solar day as the basic unit, the Chinese traditional lunar calendar uses a yin and yang calendar system. The average calendar month is equal to a lunar month. The moon is set so that the average calendar year is a return year. The twenty-four solar terms are set to reflect the season. Characteristics of the annual movement), and also includes the twelve dry calendars and seventy-two special solar calendars, which comprehensively reflects the influence of the sun and the moon on the earth. It is based on the monthly transport cycle (29.53059 days). The unit’s solar calendar determines the complexity and richness of its content. A lunar year contains 12 lunar months (354.36707 days), which is about 11 days less than a lunar year (365.242374 days). Therefore, in some years, there will be a leap month (as indicated by the ‘wax’ on the dial) to match the cycle of the four seasons. Since each Chinese lunar month (including the leap month) begins on the day of the new moon, the month is 29 or 30 days long. It can be seen that the lunar year including the leap month is actually 13 months, which is longer than the solar calendar. On the contrary, the lunar year without the leap month is only 12 months, which is shorter than the solar year. The typical characteristic of this traditional calendar is the cause of the uncertain date of the Chinese New Year.
Due to the complexity and technical difficulty of the traditional Chinese calendar, no one has used it for a long time. However, Blancpain has made unremitting efforts to develop the world’s first Chinese almanac, turning complex celestial bodies into orbital gear trains with smaller gears than pen nibs, breaking through the combination of western traditional solar calendar and traditional Chinese calendar and lunar calendar. Many technical difficulties make the traditional Chinese ‘yin and yang stem and branch’ year and calendar perfectly presented on the dial. The Chinese calendar is equipped with Calibre 3638’s new self-winding movement. The movement consists of 434 parts set with 39 gems and a power reserve of up to 7 days. The number of parts far exceeds 200 complex models such as Caroline and Tourbillon. Number of parts. The watch is complex in craftsmanship and exquisite in technology. It perfectly presents many time elements without periodic patterns on the dial.
Among them, the hour hand, minute hand and standard calendar are located in the center of the dial; the small dial at 12 o’clock displays hour numbers and characters (24-hour cycle); the 3 o’clock position displays five elements and ten days (10-year cycle); 9 o’clock The position displays the lunar month (12-month cycle), the lunar day (30-day cycle), and the leap month; the year window at 12 o’clock shows the zodiac year (12-year cycle), and the moon phase profit and loss display is located at 6 o’clock on the dial. The orientation of the clock adds to the viewing pleasure and practical value. It is worth mentioning that, as an important chronograph element in Blancpain’s full calendar watch, the moon phase display in the watch’s complex functions finally has the most suitable display in the Chinese calendar. As mentioned earlier, the lunar phase profit and loss function is closely related to the traditional Chinese calendar, because the Gregorian calendar is based on the sun’s operating rules, and only the Chinese lunar calendar is a reference time that combines the sun and the moon. The fifteenth month is the full moon. It most closely matches the Chinese lunar calendar, and it can be said that it really shows the mysterious beauty of Chinese traditional timekeeping.
The Chinese calendar is not only an inheritance and development of traditional Chinese culture, but also a bold innovation in Blancpain’s watchmaking technology. This is the first time that Blancpain has combined ancient Chinese traditional culture functionally and culturally with traditional Swiss watchmaking technology. It is also a breakthrough in challenging the tradition and innovative functions of Blancpain for the development of world clocks. Another outstanding contribution. The gorgeous fusion of Swiss watchmaking skills with the traditional wisdom of the East makes this watch extremely precious and highly collectible. It is believed that its ingenious craftsmanship and long-lasting elegance will be deeply loved, and it will still be highly respected after the lead.